Confined Space Programs

OSHA requires that companies develop and maintain a Confined Space Program if a permit-required confined space exists at a facility. 

A Confined Space is a space large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work. In addition, a confined space has limited or restricted means for entry or exit and is not designed for continuous employee occupancy. This could mean small, narrow or cramped passageways, entry or exit is by means of a ladder or other equipment in the space that may make evacuation and rescue difficult.

A Permit-Required Confined Space is a confined space that has one or more of the following characteristics:

  • an hazardous atmosphere – lack of oxygen, oxygen enriched, toxic, or flammable atmosphere, airborne combustible dust, any atmospheric condition that is immediately dangerous to life or health.
  • an engulfment hazard potential to trap or asphyxiate entrant – converging walls or floors which slope or taper to a smaller area
  • a safety or health hazard – turning, exposed blades, a hole, etc.

CDMS will develop a confined space program and train employees in the techniques to implement the program.